Turks and Caicos Islands
- Introduction ::Turks and Caicos IslandsBackground:The islands were part of the UK's Jamaican colony until 1962, when they assumed the status of a separate crown colony upon Jamaica's independence. The governor of The Bahamas oversaw affairs from 1965 to 1973. With Bahamian independence, the islands received a separate governor in 1973. Although independence was agreed upon for 1982, the policy was reversed and the islands remain a British overseas territory.Geography ::Turks and Caicos IslandsLocation:two island groups in the North Atlantic Ocean, southeast of The Bahamas, north of HaitiGeographic coordinates:21 45 N, 71 35 WArea:total: 948 sq kmcountry comparison to the world: 186land: 948 sq kmwater: 0 sq kmArea - comparative:2.5 times the size of Washington, DCLand boundaries:0 kmCoastline:389 kmMaritime claims:territorial sea: 12 nmexclusive fishing zone: 200 nmClimate:tropical; marine; moderated by trade winds; sunny and relatively dryTerrain:low, flat limestone; extensive marshes and mangrove swampsElevation extremes:lowest point: Caribbean Sea 0 mhighest point: Flamingo Hill 48 mNatural resources:spiny lobster, conchLand use:arable land: 1.05%permanent crops: 0%other: 98.95% (2011)Irrigated land:NANatural hazards:frequent hurricanesEnvironment - current issues:limited natural freshwater resources, private cisterns collect rainwaterGeography - note:about 40 islands (eight inhabited)People and Society ::Turks and Caicos IslandsNationality:noun: noneadjective: noneEthnic groups:black 87.6%, white 7.9%, mixed 2.5%, East Indian 1.3%, other 0.7% (2006)Languages:English (official)Religions:Protestant 72.8% (Baptist 35.8%, Church of God 11.7%, Anglican 10%, Methodist 9.3%, Seventh-Day Adventist 6%), Roman Catholic 11.4%, Jehovah's Witnesses 1.8%, other 14%Population:47,754 (July 2013 est.)country comparison to the world: 211Age structure:0-14 years: 22.3% (male 5,427/female 5,227)15-24 years: 15% (male 3,482/female 3,688)25-54 years: 53.5% (male 13,019/female 12,548)55-64 years: 5% (male 1,309/female 1,083)65 years and over: 4.1% (male 875/female 1,096) (2013 est.)Median age:total: 31.4 yearsmale: 31.7 yearsfemale: 31 years (2013 est.)Population growth rate:2.87% (2013 est.)country comparison to the world: 15Birth rate:17.05 births/1,000 population (2013 est.)country comparison to the world: 117Death rate:3.06 deaths/1,000 population (2013 est.)country comparison to the world: 220Net migration rate:14.66 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2013 est.)country comparison to the world: 8Urbanization:urban population: 93% of total population (2010)rate of urbanization: 1.6% annual rate of change (2010-15 est.)Major urban areas - population:GRAND TURK (capital) 6,000 (2009)Sex ratio:at birth: 1.05 male(s)/female0-14 years: 1.04 male(s)/female15-24 years: 0.94 male(s)/female25-54 years: 1.04 male(s)/female55-64 years: 1.21 male(s)/female65 years and over: 0.8 male(s)/femaletotal population: 1.02 male(s)/female (2013 est.)Infant mortality rate:total: 11.29 deaths/1,000 live birthscountry comparison to the world: 133male: 14.13 deaths/1,000 live birthsfemale: 8.31 deaths/1,000 live births (2013 est.)Life expectancy at birth:total population: 79.4 yearscountry comparison to the world: 43male: 76.67 yearsfemale: 82.27 years (2013 est.)Total fertility rate:1.7 children born/woman (2013 est.)country comparison to the world: 170Drinking water source:improved:urban: 100% of populationrural: 100% of populationtotal: 100% of population (2010 est.)Sanitation facility access:improved:urban: 98% of populationrural: 94% of populationtotal: 96% of populationunimproved:urban: 2% of populationrural: 6% of populationtotal: 4% of population (2000 est.)HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate:NAHIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS:NAHIV/AIDS - deaths:NAEducation expenditures:NALiteracy:definition: age 15 and over has ever attended schooltotal population: 98%male: 99%female: 98% (1970 est.)School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education):total: 11 yearsmale: 11 yearsfemale: 12 years (2005)People - note:destination and transit point for illegal Haitian immigrants bound for the Turks and Caicos Islands, The Bahamas, and the USGovernment ::Turks and Caicos IslandsCountry name:conventional long form: noneconventional short form: Turks and Caicos Islandsabbreviation: TCIDependency status:overseas territory of the UKGovernment type:NACapital:name: Grand Turk (Cockburn Town)geographic coordinates: 21 28 N, 71 08 Wtime difference: UTC-5 (same time as Washington, DC during Standard Time)daylight saving time: +1hr, begins second Sunday in March; ends first Sunday in NovemberAdministrative divisions:none (overseas territory of the UK)Independence:none (overseas territory of the UK)National holiday:Constitution Day, 30 August (1976)Constitution:Turks and Caicos Islands Constitution Order 2011Legal system:mixed legal system of English common law and civil lawSuffrage:18 years of age; universalExecutive branch:chief of state: Queen ELIZABETH II (since 6 February 1952); represented by Governor Damian (Ric) TODD (since 12 September 2011); note - Peter BUCKINGHAM was appointed governor on 29 May 2013; will take office in Octoberhead of government: Premier Rufus EWING (since 13 November 2012)cabinet: consists of the governor, the premier, six ministers appointed by the governor from among the members of the House of Assembly, and the attorney general(For more information visit the World Leaders website )elections: the monarch is hereditary; governor appointed by the monarch; following legislative elections, the leader of the majority party is appointed premier by the governornote: the UK foreign minister has determined that sufficient progress has been made to reinstate local government under a new constitution that came into effect in October 2012Legislative branch:unicameral House of Assembly consisting of 19 seats, 15 elected and 4 appointed by the governor; of elected members, five are elected at large and 10 from single member districts for four-year termselections: last held on 9 November 2012 (next to be held in 2016)election results: percent of vote - NA; seats by party - PNP 8, PDM 7Judicial branch:highest court(s): Supreme Court (consists of the chief justice and such number of other judges as determined by the governor); Court of Appeal (consists of the court president and 2 justices)note - appeals beyond the Supreme Court are heard by the Judicial Committee of the Privy Council, in Londonjudge selection and term of office: Supreme Court and Appeals Court judges appointed by the governor in accordance with the Judicial Service Commission, a 3-member body of high level judicial officials; Supreme Court judges appointed until mandatory retirement at age 65, but can be extended to age 70; Appeals Court judge tenure determined by individual terms of appointmentsubordinate courts: magistrates' courtsPolitical parties and leaders:People's Democratic Movement or PDM [Oswald SKIPPINGS]People's Progressive Party [NA]Progressive National Party or PNP [Rufus EWING]Political pressure groups and leaders:NAInternational organization participation:Caricom (associate), CDB, Interpol (subbureau), UPUDiplomatic representation in the US:none (overseas territory of the UK)Diplomatic representation from the US:none (overseas territory of the UK)Flag description:blue, with the flag of the UK in the upper hoist-side quadrant and the colonial shield centered on the outer half of the flag; the shield is yellow and displays a conch shell, a spiny lobster, and Turks Head cactus - three common elements of the islands' biotaNational anthem:name: ""This Land of Ours""lyrics/music: Conrad HOWELLnote: serves as a local anthem; as a territory of the United Kingdom, ""God Save the Queen"" is the official anthem (see United Kingdom)Economy ::Turks and Caicos IslandsEconomy - overview:The Turks and Caicos economy is based on tourism, offshore financial services, and fishing. Most capital goods and food for domestic consumption are imported. The US is the leading source of tourists, accounting for more than three-quarters of the 175,000 visitors that arrived in 2004. Major sources of government revenue also include fees from offshore financial activities and customs receipts.GDP (purchasing power parity):$632 million (2007 est.)country comparison to the world: 213$568.3 million (2006 est.)GDP (official exchange rate):$NAGDP - real growth rate:11.2% (2007 est.)country comparison to the world: 5GDP - per capita (PPP):$29,100 (2007 est.)country comparison to the world: 53GDP - composition, by end use:household consumption: 30.8%government consumption: 17.1%investment in fixed capital: 50.3%exports of goods and services: 81.9%imports of goods and services: -80.1%(2012 est.)GDP - composition, by sector of origin:agriculture: 1%industry: 20.8%services: 78.3% (2012 est.)Agriculture - products:corn, beans, cassava (tapioca), citrus fruits; fishIndustries:tourism, offshore financial servicesIndustrial production growth rate:NA%Labor force:4,848 (1990 est.)country comparison to the world: 222Labor force - by occupation:note: about 33% in government and 20% in agriculture and fishing; significant numbers in tourism, financial, and other servicesUnemployment rate:10% (1997 est.)country comparison to the world: 107Population below poverty line:NA%Household income or consumption by percentage share:lowest 10%: NA%highest 10%: NA%Budget:revenues: $417.4 millionexpenditures: $408.9 million (2012 est.)Fiscal year:calendar yearInflation rate (consumer prices):2.5% (2012 est.)country comparison to the world: 652.2% (2011 est.)Exports:$24.77 million (2008 est.)country comparison to the world: 204Exports - commodities:lobster, dried and fresh conch, conch shellsImports:$591.3 million (2008 est.)country comparison to the world: 189Imports - commodities:food and beverages, tobacco, clothing, manufactures, construction materialsDebt - external:$NAExchange rates:the US dollar is usedEnergy ::Turks and Caicos IslandsElectricity - production:200 million kWh (2009 est.)country comparison to the world: 180Electricity - consumption:186 million kWh (2009 est.)country comparison to the world: 185Electricity - exports:0 kWh (2010 est.)country comparison to the world: 135Electricity - imports:0 kWh (2010 est.)country comparison to the world: 138Electricity - installed generating capacity:50,000 kW (2009 est.)country comparison to the world: 183Electricity - from fossil fuels:100% of total installed capacity (2009 est.)country comparison to the world: 39Electricity - from nuclear fuels:0% of total installed capacity (2009 est.)country comparison to the world: 184Electricity - from hydroelectric plants:0% of total installed capacity (2009 est.)country comparison to the world: 201Electricity - from other renewable sources:0% of total installed capacity (2009 est.)country comparison to the world: 190Crude oil - production:0 bbl/day (2011 est.)country comparison to the world: 192Crude oil - exports:0 bbl/day (2009 est.)country comparison to the world: 189Crude oil - imports:0 bbl/day (2009 est.)country comparison to the world: 126Crude oil - proved reserves:0 bbl (1 January 2012 est.)country comparison to the world: 191Refined petroleum products - production:0 bbl/day (2008 est.)country comparison to the world: 132Refined petroleum products - consumption:998.6 bbl/day (2011 est.)country comparison to the world: 203Refined petroleum products - exports:0 bbl/day (2008 est.)country comparison to the world: 132Refined petroleum products - imports:1,042 bbl/day (2008 est.)country comparison to the world: 192Natural gas - production:0 cu m (2010 est.)country comparison to the world: 195Natural gas - consumption:0 cu m (2010 est.)country comparison to the world: 196Natural gas - exports:0 cu m (2010 est.)country comparison to the world: 188Natural gas - imports:0 cu m (2010 est.)country comparison to the world: 133Natural gas - proved reserves:0 cu m (1 January 2012 est.)country comparison to the world: 195Carbon dioxide emissions from consumption of energy:38,880 Mt (2010 est.)country comparison to the world: 207Communications ::Turks and Caicos IslandsTelephone system:general assessment: fully digital system with international direct dialingdomestic: full range of services available; GSM wireless service availableinternational: country code - 1-649; the Americas Region Caribbean Ring System (ARCOS-1) fiber optic telecommunications submarine cable provides connectivity to South and Central America, parts of the Caribbean, and the US; satellite earth station - 1 Intelsat (Atlantic Ocean) (2011)Broadcast media:no local terrestrial TV stations, broadcasts from the Bahamas can be received and multi-channel cable and satellite TV services are available; government-run radio network operates alongside private broadcasters with a total of about 15 stations (2007)Internet country code:.tcInternet hosts:73,217 (2012)country comparison to the world: 86Transportation ::Turks and Caicos IslandsAirports:8 (2013)country comparison to the world: 163Airports - with paved runways:total: 62,438 to 3,047 m: 11,524 to 2,437 m: 3914 to 1,523 m: 1under 914 m: 1 (2013)Airports - with unpaved runways:total: 2under 914 m:2 (2013)Roadways:total: 121 kmcountry comparison to the world: 212paved: 24 kmunpaved: 97 km (2003)Ports and terminals:Cockburn Harbour, Grand Turk, ProvidencialesMilitary ::Turks and Caicos IslandsManpower fit for military service:males age 16-49: 11,842females age 16-49: 11,755 (2010 est.)Manpower reaching militarily significant age annually:male: 338female: 342 (2010 est.)Military - note:defense is the responsibility of the UKTransnational Issues ::Turks and Caicos IslandsDisputes - international:have received Haitians fleeing economic and civil disorderIllicit drugs:transshipment point for South American narcotics destined for the US and Europe"
The World Factbook. 2014.
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Turks and Caicos Islands — Turks and Caicos Islands … Wikipedia
Turks and Caicos Islands — [tʉrks΄ ən kā′kəs] British crown colony in the West Indies, consisting of two groups of small islands southeast of the Bahamas: c. 192 sq mi (497 sq km); pop. 12,000 … English World dictionary
Turks and Caicos Islands — /terrks; kuy kohs, kay / two groups of islands in the SE Bahamas: British crown colonies. 5675; ab. 166 sq. mi. (430 sq. km). Cap.: Grand Turk. * * * Turks and Caicos Islands Introduction Turks and Caicos Islands Background: The islands were part … Universalium
Turks and Caicos Islands — Îles Turques et Caïques Îles Turques et Caïques Turks and Caicos Islands … Wikipédia en Français
Turks and Caicos Islands — Sp Tèrksas ir Káikosas Ap Turks and Caicos Islands Sp Tèrkso ir Káikoso Sãlos Ap Turks and Caicos Islands L D. Britanijos valda V Atlante, Bahamų ss. pietryčiuose … Pasaulio vietovardžiai. Internetinė duomenų bazė
Turks and Caicos Islands — noun Country in the Caribbean. Official name: Turks and Caicos Islands … Wiktionary
Turks and Caicos Islands — Turks and Cai|cos Is|lands, the a group of 30 islands in the British West Indies, southeast of the Bahamas. Population: 18,122 (2001). Capital: Grand Turk … Dictionary of contemporary English
Turks and Caicos Islands — Turks′ and Cai′cos Is′lands [[t]tɜrks; ˈkaɪ koʊs, ˈkeɪ [/t]] n. pl. geg two groups of islands in the SE Bahamas: British crown colonies. 7436; ab. 166 sq. mi. (430 sq. km) Cap.: Grand Turk … From formal English to slang
Turks and Caicos Islands — n. group of islands in the southeastern Bahamas (territories of Britain) … English contemporary dictionary
Turks and Caicos Islands — /tɜks ən ˈkeɪkɒs/ (say terks uhn kaykos) plural noun two groups of islands in the south eastern part of the Bahamas; a British colony. 430 km2. Languages: English, also an English based creole. Capital: Grand Turk … Australian English dictionary